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International Labour Organization (ILO.. invites consultants TO CONDUCT CAPACITY ASSESSMENT OF FUJCFSA, TVET and M/BOLSA





Addis Ababa


Terms of Reference



With approximately three million young Ethiopians entering the labour force every year, ensuring productive employment opportunities for them poses a challenge in both rural and urban areas. As a result, growing numbers of Ethiopians have been looking for job opportunities either in the capital province or abroad. According to the information from the Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) of Ethiopia, more than 2 million Ethiopians are residing in North America, the Middle East, Europe, Australia and other African countries. The Middle East, especially the kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), has been a major destination for low-skilled and semi-skilled Ethiopian migrant workers over the last three decades. However, as migrants use both regular and irregular routes, it is difficult to know the number of Ethiopian migrants living in the KSA. In November 2013, the Government of KSA (GoKSA) decided to expel irregular migrants as part of the “Saudization” of the KSA labour market. As a result, between November 2013 and March 2014, more than 163,000 Ethiopian migrants were forcibly repatriated. Again in March 2017, the KSA government gave an extended amnesty period to enable irregular migrant to leave the country or get their residential status corrected. Accordingly, as of August 2018 around 190,000 Ethiopian migrants have returned to Ethiopia

Although the Government of Ethiopia, together with other humanitarian actors, has successfully managed the return, the reintegration process is still largely unaddressed and still remains challenging. According to the findings of various studies and assessment reports, including the one conducted by the ILO, the majority of the returnees came back empty handed because of the usage of their earnings for consumption and remittances. Many returnees also experience severe hardships during their stay and return, resulting in medical and psychological problems. The nature of return chosen, and the success of economic and social integration of migrants, are the main factors of successful reintegration. Maximizing sustainable returns, not only contribute to avoid re-emigration, but also contribute to positive impact on the development of communities of origin.

The ILO in 2017 undertook a reintegration study and developed a package to better inform the situation of reintegration in Ethiopia and made a recommendation to improve the reintegration mechanism in the country, as a result the need for a reintegration directive were highlighted,as Ethiopia does not have a comprehensive migration policy, nor a reintegration policy or national strategy. Even though, some proclamations recently adopted such as 909/2015 the Prevention and Suppression of Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants Proclamation and  923/2016 on Ethiopia’s Overseas Employment Proclamation and, and some policy tools are relevant to the reintegration of returnees. Currently reintegration directive has been developed by the Government of Ethiopia with the technical and financial support of ILO and are expected to be adoptedsoon. The ILO under the project entitled ‘Support the reintegration of returnees in Ethiopia’intend to provide need based capacity development support to Government stakeholders at the federal and regional level, specifically to urban job creation and food security agencies, regional TVET agencies and institutes and bureau of labour and social affairs (BOLSA) at regional and woreda level in order to strengthen systems and mechanisms for the provision of services, coordination, referral, monitoring and supervision and quality assurance in regards to labour migration and reintegration., In order to inform the capacity development interventions.The ILO country Office for Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan, South Sudan and Somalia in partnership with MOLSA, Federal Urban Job Creation and Food Security (UJCFS) and Federal Technical & Vocational Training Agency (TVET)intends to undertake a capacity assessment of BOLSA, UJCFS and TVET with special focus on migration and reintegration. Accordingly, the ILO is seeking to hire a qualified consultant or consulting firm to conduct a capacity assessment by collecting primary data and review of secondary source.

Purpose of the Capacity Assessment

The purpose of the capacity assessment isto assess  thecapacity of UJCFS, BOLSA and TVET to implement the newly developed reintegration directive and overseas employment proclamation 923/2016 including the presence of functioning institutional structures and systems, identify key areas of focus and make proposals for a coherent strategy to strengthen critical systems for planning, coordination, monitoring and evaluation, management and for the provision of comprehensive and quality service to potential migrants and returnees. The assessment will also serves as a baseline against which organizational developments overtime can be compared. The results of the assessments will be analyzed and a capacity strengthening plan (CSP) outlining how capacity needs and gaps will be addressed will be developed jointly. More specifically, the capacity assessment has the following purposes:

  • Serves as a diagnostic instrument to determine the stage of organizational capability and specific changes needed to strengthen government partner capacity to coordinate and support reintegration activities based on the draft reintegration directives and labour migration based on proclamation 923/2016;
  • Establishes a baseline measure of the existing structures and capability of partner government offices with regard to coordinating and supporting reintegration and labour migration;
  • Creates a strong and shared commitment among government office leadership to coordinate and support reintegration  and labour migration activities;
  • Assesses training needs of the staff of partner government offices and provide a framework for addressing these needs;
  • Serves as a basis on which to design improved systems and procedures at regional and woredas level job creation and food security offices, TVET, Labour and Social Affairs’ offices with a special focus on reintegration and labour migration


This assessment will use qualitative and quantitative methods, combining Key Informant Interviews, In-depth Interviews, Focus Group Discussions and observation, and collect data based on a standard check lists. In addition, data collection will be supplemented with review of existing reports, documents and migration information system, best practices in Ethiopia and comparable countries and standards and guidelines in areas of reintegration, labour migration, oversee employment services for potential migrants and coordination.The capacity assessment should use both primary and secondary sources. A combination of methodologies will be used to ensure adequate, reliable, and valid data is collected for the capacity assessment. The consultant or consulting firm is expected to come up with sound research methodology, wherein the following should be given due consideration:

  • The assessment should conduct its primary source data collection in Amhara, Oromia, and SNNPR and Tigray regions as well as Addis Ababa City Administration and with line ministries at Federal level.
  • The consultant/firm is expected to propose the most suitable method on the need to represent different target groups in consultation with ILO.

Scope of the Capacity Assessment

The planned capacity assessment will focus on assessing the organizational capacities of key government stakeholders in the context of reintegration of returnees and labour migration in regional states of Tigray, Oromia, SNNPR and Amhara as well as the federal level and Addis Ababa City Administration. Federal and regional urban job creation and food security agencies, federal and regional TVET agencies and ministry/ bureau of labor and social affairs will be the primary target of the assessment. In the process the assessment team will: 

  • Assess and map the organizational, technical, including human and material resources, capacities available at government agencies, i.e.; Bureau of Labor and Social affairs (MoLSA), Regional Urban Job creation Food Security Agencies (former Micro and Small Enterprise Development Agency), and TVET as well as their counterpart zonal and woredas Bureaus in line with the role and responsibilities assigned in the reintegration directive.
  • Assess the structure and institutional arrangement, types of coordination and collaboration mechanisms, and human resource arrangement for selected stakeholders and regional steering committees through limited field level intervention assessment. 
  • Identify capacity development needs, with rational, both at the government and CSO levels, as appropriate.
  • Institutional capacity to implement policies and legal frameworks related with labour migration and reintegration. 
  • Identify challenges in promoting  regular labour migration governance and  ensuring effective reintegration of returnees
  • Provide detailed step by step actions plans, including time line and priority of implementation, to address identified capacity building needs.
  • Identify the drawbacks/gaps in labour migration related capacity development areas in general and reintegration aspect of government agencies and their constituencies in particular.
  • Recommendations to improve regular labour migration management and reintegration in Ethiopia.


  • An Inception report that will include a detailed inception report explaining his/her understanding of the ToR, methodology, key resources/materials to be used, survey instruments draft outline of the report and detailed work plan within one week following the signing of the agreement.   
  • Compile and review relevant information related to the subject matter.
  • Present the data for ILO, MOLSA, FUJCFSA and FTVET to discuss and agree on the validity, representativeness and reliability of the data.
  • A first draft report (outline for the report will be discussed and agreed during the inception phase) including capacity development plan.
  • Presentation of the report in the national validation workshop.
  • The final report and capacity development plan by including comments and inputs given by different stakeholders.


The duration of the consultancy is 45 days after the signing of the agreement between the two parties. However, the first draft work should be submitted within 35 days after the date of signing. The task will be projected to commence as shortly as possible after the signing of the agreement and approval of the inception phase report.


  • The lead researcher or leader of the team will need to have a post graduate Degree in Social Sciences, Organizational development or Development Studies, or another relevant field, with 5 years’ experience in social research such as labour or migration
  • Experience in conducting research on development issues, including on migration/reintegration and capacity assessment.
  • Have the experience of using different technical and organizational capacity assessment tools
  • Good understanding on current government operational structures, institutional arrangements,   legal framework relevant for migration and reintegration, is essential.
  • Good drafting skills, ability to communicate effectively both orally and in writing, ability to clarify information, good computer application skills, good organizational skills
  • Skilled and experienced in academic and research
  • Excellent conceptual and analytical skills
  • Strong quantitative data entry and analysis skills and previous experience using statistical analysis software
  • Have proven knowledge of the UN in general and the ILO in particular and their objectives


Interested applicants should submit their letter of application, copy of credentials and a detailed technical and financial proposal (in a separate envelop) including applicants profile, proof of legal registration, copies of relevant credentials, and other supporting documents that show previous and similar work experience. Application should be hand delivery or regular post-mail to the below address.

The Administrative Assistant (Migration)
Congo Building, Room No. 516

ILO Country Office for Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan and South Sudan
PO Box 2788

UNECA Compound- Addis Ababa

Please note that we do not accept application through expert postal service such as DHL or EMS. Only shortlisted candidates will be notified. Deadline for submitting applications 1st October 2018